Types of Camera Lenses and their Uses
There are many types of camera lenses and for each type of lens a special use, and the lens is one of the most important elements in determine the quality of your photography and every lens has the power to produce great results of your photography. Also you have to know that a low quality lens on a high quality camera will result in bad image quality, but a high quality lens on a law quality camera can produce good results.
So it is very important to know the different types of camera lenses and their use, as if you even in the photography field for years, you may not be experienced with the different types of lenses.
The following is a breakdown of the types of lenses and their uses that you should know before buying a new lens.
- The Zoom Lens.
The zoom lenses have variable focal lengths, and you can increase or decrease the zoom through the zoom ring in the lens. Each lens of this type has different two numbers; the number of its beginning and the end of the focal length of the lens. These lenses come with a minimum and a maximum focal length that makes them suitable for certain types of photography by their rounding range.
They are ideal when you prefer the variety in photography such as the landscapes and portraits, and you want to have just one lens for both situations, and therefore you will save the time as there is no need to change the lens.
- The Prime Lens.
On the contrary, the prime lens or the fixed focal lens doesn’t include the possibility of changing the focal length, in other words, it doesn’t have the possibility of zooming. Prime lenses tend to be more compact and lightweight than the zoom lenses. These lenses are distinct from the lenses that accept to change the focal length that it gives better and higher quality to the photo and this return to the industrial structure of its glass is simple.
It will be perfect when shooting in low light conditions as it will increase the possibility of hand holding the camera and freezing the subject without shake or blur caused by the longer exposures.
- The Macro Lens.
The macro lens is a specific lens and using to shoot the small objects at a very close range such as insects, flowers and products. These lenses let you focus close, but they also work as a normal lens. A macro lens doesn’t cut down the light, allowing you to keep your ISO low.
These lenses have a degree of approximation of their own such as 1: 1 and the ratio of the size of the image target to the size of the sensor. Example 1: 1 the image of the insect is shown in its real size on the image sensor. The ratio of 1: 3 means that the approximation increases three times the size of the sensor. Most lenses are usually 1: 1. These lenses come with different lengths of focal length such as 50mm, 100mm and 150mm.
- The Telephoto Lens.
The telephoto lens is one with a long focal length and the use of this lens to approximate distant objects as it gives a narrow field of view.
The telephoto lens will let you capture subjects that are too far away, or too dangerous to approach, so it used to depict the wild animals, birds, people, sports, and capturing specific details in landscapes.
- The Fish-eye Lens.
The fisheye or the ultra-wide angle lens is designed to give an angle of view up to 180 °, the focal length of a fisheye length is the smallest focal length you can find in the photographic lenses.
The fisheye lens captures very wide panoramas and sky scaps very well, also it has been used for cityscapes, as they give you an ultra-wide view.
- The Normal Angle Lens.
The Normal Angle Lens is characterized by giving a closer perspective to seeing the human eye. This lens is used in normal conditions, events, daily events and portraits. If you prefer to photograph portraiture or party photography, this lens is best for you.
- The Wide Angle.
The wide angle lens covers a focal length from 4.5mm, at its most extreme to 35mm at its least, allowing you to see the most of the scene as possible.
The wide angle lens will help to emphasize the difference in the size between background and foreground.
Where you want to capture as much as possible like in landscapes and the architecture, use the wide angle lens.
By Nora Othman.